With the launch of macOS Catalina, in addition to many new features and features, Apple introduced and zsh (Z shell) in place Bash (Bourne-again shell). Users familiar with Bash scripts and interactive command lines from Port, they quickly noticed this change. In the Terminal it is suggested to execute a command line to do this the transition from Bash to Zsh.
The default interactive shell is now zsh.
To update your account to use zsh, please run `chsh -s /bin/zsh`.
For more details, please visit https://support.apple.com/kb/HT208050.
Used since 16 years ago, since the time of OS X 10.2 Jaguar, Bash has been used as the main developer shell for scripts and command lines to the base of the macOS system.
Why the transition from Bash to Zsh was made
In simple terms, it would be about the restrictions imposed by distribution license (GNU) for the use of Bash.
Bash is in the process of development, reached the 5.0 version. Final version released at the beginning of January 2019. However, Apple used MacOS Mojave (released in the fall of 2018) an outdated version. It was preferred Bash NOTHING, a version of 2007. Newer versions of Bash have been released under license GNU General Public License modified (GPLv3), which requires some restrictions and clauses for software providers.
Bash Vs. zsh
For users, switching from Bash to Zsh should be a joy. Especially for those who use Terminal frequently. zsh (Z shell) is based on the same language as Bash, but it brings interesting features. Intuitive command lines, PluginATVs and themes graphics.
Besides the Bash commands, in Zsh there are many other specific commands, and many can be configured by the user to perform some operations. Alias.
- automatic completion of command lines (self-completion)
- extended variables
- replace path
- intuitive path extension. “/u/lo/b <TAB>” goes to "/ usr / local / bin"
- support oh-my-zsh for extended capabilities
– themes support in the Terminal
- many more, presented here.
Oh-My-zsh is the most popular framework for Zsh, being delivered with many PluginATVs and themes included. Easy to install, configure and customize.
How to install Oh-My-Zsh for Zsh on macOS
Execute the command line in the Terminal:
sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"
Module and utility recommendations: iTerm2 (emulator terminal, which will replace Terminal), Homebrew if you are afraid POWERLEVEL9K for Zsh (Oh-My-Zsh).
How to change the default shell in macOS Catalina
If you are not satisfied with zsh, you can always go back to Bash in macOS Catalina. However, keep in mind that it is a rudimentary Bash version of 2007.
Execute the command line in the Terminal to return to Bash:
chsh -s /bin/bash
Besides Bash and Zsh you can activate other shells in macOS Catalina.
Execute in the Terminal command
cat /etc/shells through which you can see shells included in macOS Catalina.